The fruit is gathered when it has reached its final size and is a brownish-yellow color,
nine months after fertilization.
The harvest is planned according to a calendar established by
a governemental control commission about every 7 days during the harvest time
(6months) and by geographic sectors.
The Vanilla X Tahitensis variety has the advantage of not splitting at maturity.
This type of fruit is referred to as indehiscent.
The harvest may thus be delayed until an advanced stage of growth (full maturity).
The fruit’s taste and aromatic characteristics will then be highly developed.
By opposition, the fruit of Vanilla Fragrans, however, must be harvested
as early as the seventh month (still green)
.If full maturity is reached, the bean begins to turn brown and split.
This type of bean is referred to as dehiscent.